A relatively modern development in surgical practice, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) involves relying on small incisions. Because incisions are smaller, MIS may reduce recovery time as well as postoperative pain. MIS involves the use of specialized surgical tools that allow surgeons to carry out procedures even though the incisions involved are so small.
One such tool is called the “laparoscope,” a thin tube with lighting and a camera. Doctors refer to procedures that use the laparoscope as “laparoscopy,” and these procedures are especially useful for diagnosis of conditions that affect abdominal organs like the stomach, liver, and appendix.
Other MIS tools include robots controlled by qualified surgeons. The robots are very precise and permit surgeons to move surgical tools in ways that unassisted humans cannot.